CC BY-NC-ND 4.0 · Indian J Plast Surg 2007; 40(02): 178-180
DOI: 10.1055/s-0039-1699198
Original Article
Association of Plastic Surgeons of India

Facial aging: A clinical classification

Melvin A Shiffman
Chair, Section of Surgery, Tustin Hospital and Medical Center, 17501 Chatham Drive, Tustin, CA 92780-2302
› Author Affiliations
Further Information

Publication History

Publication Date:
15 January 2020 (online)


the purpose of this classification of facial aging is to have a simple clinical method to determine the severity of the aging process in the face. this allows a quick estimate as to the types of procedures that the patient would need to have the best results. procedures that are presently used for facial rejuvenation include laser, chemical peels, suture lifts, fillers, modified facelift and full facelift. the physician is already using his best judgment to determine which procedure would be best for any particular patient. this classification may help to refine these decisions.