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Venous Thromboembolism Prevention Protocol: Experience of 2,000 Cases in Total Knee Arthroplasty*Article in several languages: português | English
Objective The objective of the present study is to evaluate the impact evaluate the impact of an institutional protocol on a tertiary hospital for the prevention of venous thromboembolism in 2005 patients submitted to primary total knee arthroplasty (TKA).
Methods Data from medical records of patients submitted TKA before (n = 1,115) and after (n = 890) the implementation of the institutional protocol, totaling 2,005 patients, were retrospectively reported. Demographics, comorbidities, and outcomes were analyzed.
Results There was no significant change in the cases of deep venous thrombosis (DVT) (1.6% versus 2.4%; p = 0.211). There was an increase in cases of pulmonary embolism (PE) (0.2% versus 0.8% p = 0.049).
Conclusion Despite the implementation of the prevention protocol, no reduction in the studied events was observed. The small global incidence makes further studies with larger series necessary to confirm or rule out these findings.
Work conducted at the Hospital Madre Teresa, Belo Horizonte, state of Minas Gerais, Brazil.
Received: 30 December 2018
Accepted: 18 July 2019
13 December 2019 (online)
© 2020. The Author(s). This is an open access article published by Thieme under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution-NonDerivative-NonCommercial-License, permitting copying and reproduction so long as the original work is given appropriate credit. Contents may not be used for commercial purposes, or adapted, remixed, transformed or built upon. (https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0/).
Sociedade Brasileira de Ortopedia e Traumatologia. Published by Thieme Revinter Publicações Ltda
Rio de Janeiro, Brazil
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