Semin Thromb Hemost
DOI: 10.1055/s-0039-1697949
Review Article
Thieme Medical Publishers 333 Seventh Avenue, New York, NY 10001, USA.

Using Artificial Intelligence to Manage Thrombosis Research, Diagnosis, and Clinical Management

Aastha Mishra
1  Department of Biotechnology, Faculty of Natural Sciences, Jamia Millia Islamia, New Delhi, India
,
Mohammad Zahid Ashraf
1  Department of Biotechnology, Faculty of Natural Sciences, Jamia Millia Islamia, New Delhi, India
› Author Affiliations
Further Information

Publication History

Publication Date:
28 September 2019 (online)

Abstract

Thrombosis development in either arterial or venous system remains a major cause of death and disability worldwide. This poorly controlled in vivo clotting could result in many severe complications including myocardial infarction, venous thromboembolism, stroke, and cerebral venous thrombosis, to name a few. These conditions are collectively known as thromboembolic disorders (TEDs). Appropriate understanding of TEDs is challenging, as they are multifactorial and involve several and often different risk factors. Hence, it requires a collective effort and data from numerous research studies to fully comprehend molecular mechanisms for prediction, prevention, treatment, and overall management of these conditions. To accomplish this arduous feat, a comprehensive approach is required that can compile thousands of available experimental data and transform these into more applicable and purposeful findings. Thus, large datasets could be utilized to generate models that could be predictive of how an individual would respond when subjected to any kind of additional risk factors or surgery, hospitalization, etc., or in the presence of some susceptible genetic variations. Artificial intelligence-based methods harness the capabilities of computer software to imitate human behaviors such as language translation, visual perception, and, most importantly, decision making. These emerging tools, if appropriately explored, might assist in processing of large data and tackle the complexities of identifying novel or interesting pathways that could otherwise be hidden due to their enormity. This narrative review attempts to compile the applications of various subfields of artificial intelligence and machine learning in the context of thrombosis research to date. It further reflects on the potential of artificial intelligence in transforming enormous research data into translational application in the form of predictive computational models.