CC BY-NC-ND 4.0 · Eur J Dent 2009; 03(03): 250-254
DOI: 10.1055/s-0039-1697440
Original Article
Dental Investigation Society

Effects of Airway Problems on Maxillary Growth: A Review

Ahmet Yalcin Gungor
a   Research Assistant, Suleyman Demirel University, Faculty of Dentistry, Department of Orthodontics, Isparta, Turkey
Hakan Turkkahraman
b   Associate Professor, Suleyman Demirel University, Faculty of Dentistry, Department of Orthodontics, Isparta, Turkey
› Institutsangaben
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27. September 2019 (online)


The volume of air passing through the nose and nasopharinx is limited by its shape and diameter. Continuous airflow through the nasal passage during breathing induces a constant stimulus for the lateral growth of maxilla and for lowering of the palatal vault. Maxillary morphological differences exist between patients with airway problems and control groups, identifying a potential etiological role in these patients. The purpose of this article was to review the literature on the interaction between airway problems and expressed maxillary morphology including specific dental and skeletal malocclusions. Statistically significant differences were found between patients with airway problems and control groups, in maxillary skeletal morphology including shorter maxillary length, more proclined maxillary incisors, thicker and longer soft palate, narrower maxillary arch and higher palatal vault. (Eur J Dent 2009;3:250-254)


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