CC BY-NC-ND 4.0 · Rev Bras Ortop (Sao Paulo) 2020; 55(05): 509-517
DOI: 10.1055/s-0039-1696681
Artigo de Revisão
Joelho

The Effects of Physical Exercise on Pain Management in Patients with Knee Osteoarthritis: A Systematic Review with Metanalysis[*]

Article in several languages: português | English
Thiago Casali Rocha
1  Faculdade de Ciências Médicas e da Saúde de Juiz de Fora, Hospital e Maternidade Therezinha de Jesus, Juiz de Fora, MG, Brazil
,
Plínio dos Santos Ramos
1  Faculdade de Ciências Médicas e da Saúde de Juiz de Fora, Hospital e Maternidade Therezinha de Jesus, Juiz de Fora, MG, Brazil
,
Alessandra Germano Dias
2  Latu Sensu Graduation Program in Traumatic and Orthopedics Physical Therapy, Faculdade de Ciências Médicas e da Saúde de Juiz de Fora, Juiz de Fora, MG, Brazil
,
Elaine Angélica Martins
2  Latu Sensu Graduation Program in Traumatic and Orthopedics Physical Therapy, Faculdade de Ciências Médicas e da Saúde de Juiz de Fora, Juiz de Fora, MG, Brazil
› Author Affiliations

Abstract

Objective The present study verified, through a systematic review with meta-analysis, the effects of a rehabilitation, physical training program for the treatment of pain and muscle strength in knee osteoarthritis (OA).

Methods We analyzed studies published between 2008 and 2018 referenced at the Medline (National Library of Medicine) database, selecting 7 randomized controlled clinical trials about exercise programs to improve pain and muscle strength in patients with knee OA with Physiotherapy Evidence Database (PeDro) score higher than 8. The Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic Reviews and Meta-Analyses (PRISMA) systematization was used to prepare this review, and a meta-analysis was carried out to obtain mathematical evidence the outcomes of physical exercise on pain.

Results The studies included in the analysis contained a total of 934 participants aged 40 to 73 years-old, with 34.90% males. Most of the exercise sets offered in OA treatment had a significantly positive outcome result in both criteria, but mainly for pain relief (statistically significant difference, p < 0.003).

Conclusion We infer that there was an improvement of pain in all articles that performed muscle strengthening, but there is still an obstacle to the protocols used.

* Work developed at Faculdade de Ciências Médicas e da Saúde de Juiz de Fora, Hospital e Maternidade Therezinha de Jesus, Juiz de Fora, MG, Brazil.




Publication History

Received: 04 November 2018

Accepted: 12 March 2019

Publication Date:
23 September 2019 (online)

© 2020. The Author(s). This is an open access article published by Thieme under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution-NonDerivative-NonCommercial-License, permitting copying and reproduction so long as the original work is given appropriate credit. Contents may not be used for commercial purposes, or adapted, remixed, transformed or built upon. (https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0/).

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