Semin Plast Surg 2019; 33(03): 190-199
DOI: 10.1055/s-0039-1693020
Review Article
Thieme Medical Publishers 333 Seventh Avenue, New York, NY 10001, USA.

Bone Grafts, Bone Substitutes, and Orthobiologics: Applications in Plastic Surgery

Anjali Raghuram
1  Baylor College of Medicine, Houston, Texas
,
Aspinder Singh
2  Michael E. DeBakey Department of Surgery, Baylor College of Medicine, Houston, Texas
,
Daniel K. Chang
3  Division of Plastic Surgery, Michael E. DeBakey Department of Surgery, Baylor College of Medicine, Houston, Texas
,
Mervin Nunez
3  Division of Plastic Surgery, Michael E. DeBakey Department of Surgery, Baylor College of Medicine, Houston, Texas
,
Edward M. Reece
3  Division of Plastic Surgery, Michael E. DeBakey Department of Surgery, Baylor College of Medicine, Houston, Texas
› Author Affiliations
Further Information

Publication History

Publication Date:
02 August 2019 (online)

Abstract

As reconstructive needs often extend past the soft tissue alone, a plastic surgeon must also be well versed in the methods of bony reconstruction. Understanding of the basic science of fracture healing and the biochemical mechanisms of the different bone grafts, bone substitutes, and orthobiologics is essential to selecting among the many different options available to the modern plastic surgeon. This review provides a broad overview of these different options and the specific applications for plastic surgeons based on anatomic location.