Comparative Stiffness of an Equine Distal Sesamoid Bone Fracture Model Stabilized with 3.5-mm versus 4.5-mm Cortical Bone Screws in Lag FashionFunding The present study was funded by the Iowa State University—Faculty Development Funds.
08 November 2018
03 May 2019
06 July 2019 (online)
Objective The aim of this study was to to determine the comparative stiffness following repair of an axial sagittal fracture model in equine distal sesamoid bones using either a single 3.5-mm or 4.5-mm cortical bone screw placed in lag fashion.
Study Design The present study was an in vitro biomechanical study.
Results The mean (±standard deviation) stiffness value for the 4.5-mm screw–bone construct (522.49 N/mm ± 168.21) was significantly greater than the 3.5-mm screw-bone construct (408.46 N/mm ± 131.13) (p = 0.047). This represents a 28% difference in mean stiffness.
Conclusions In vitro, the 4.5-mm screw–bone construct creates a stiffer repair of fractured distal sesamoid bones by a margin of 28%. The 4.5-mm cortical bone screw may better withstand forces imparted on the distal sesamoid bone sustained during anaesthetic recovery, normal weight bearing and athletic exercise, thereby minimizing the risk of implant failure.
Keywordsdistal sesamoid bone - lag screw fixation - four-point bending - cortical bone screw - equine
J. Mampe (acquisition of data, data analysis and interpretation); D. Tatarniuk (conception of the study, study design, acquisition of data, data analysis and interpretation); D. Suarez (conception of the study, acquisition of data); K. Kraus (study design, data analysis and interpretation). All authors drafted, revised and approved the submitted manuscript.
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