Vet Comp Orthop Traumatol 2019; 32(06): 433-439
DOI: 10.1055/s-0039-1692469
Original Research
Georg Thieme Verlag KG Stuttgart · New York

Stress Radiography for the Diagnosis of Medial Glenohumeral Ligament Rupture in Canine Shoulders

Véronique Livet
1  Department of Small Animal Surgery, Université de Lyon, VetAgro Sup, Marcy l'Etoile, France
2  Research Unit ICE, UPSP 2016-A104, Université de Lyon, VetAgro Sup, Marcy l'Etoile, France
,
Mathieu Harel
3  Department of Small Animal Imaging, Université de Lyon, VetAgro Sup, Marcy l'Etoile, France
,
Mathieu Taroni
1  Department of Small Animal Surgery, Université de Lyon, VetAgro Sup, Marcy l'Etoile, France
2  Research Unit ICE, UPSP 2016-A104, Université de Lyon, VetAgro Sup, Marcy l'Etoile, France
,
Claude Carozzo
1  Department of Small Animal Surgery, Université de Lyon, VetAgro Sup, Marcy l'Etoile, France
2  Research Unit ICE, UPSP 2016-A104, Université de Lyon, VetAgro Sup, Marcy l'Etoile, France
,
Éric Viguier
1  Department of Small Animal Surgery, Université de Lyon, VetAgro Sup, Marcy l'Etoile, France
2  Research Unit ICE, UPSP 2016-A104, Université de Lyon, VetAgro Sup, Marcy l'Etoile, France
,
Juliette Sonet
3  Department of Small Animal Imaging, Université de Lyon, VetAgro Sup, Marcy l'Etoile, France
,
Thibaut Cachon
1  Department of Small Animal Surgery, Université de Lyon, VetAgro Sup, Marcy l'Etoile, France
2  Research Unit ICE, UPSP 2016-A104, Université de Lyon, VetAgro Sup, Marcy l'Etoile, France
› Author Affiliations
Funding The authors received no financial support for the research, authorship and/or publication of this article.
Further Information

Publication History

01 May 2018

03 May 2019

Publication Date:
21 June 2019 (online)

Abstract

Objectives This study aimed to describe a stress radiography to detect medial glenohumeral ligament rupture and to investigate the repeatability and reproducibility of this test.

Materials and Methods Six adult Beagle cadavers were used. Both shoulders of each dog were randomly assigned into two groups: a normal shoulder group (NS group) and an affected shoulder group (AS group) where the medial glenohumeral ligament was arthroscopically transected. Goniometry, image analysis and radiography (normal and stress views) were performed before and after arthroscopic procedures. An abduction angle was determined for each stress view and an evaluation of the repeatability and the reproducibility was performed.

Results Abduction angles were significantly larger in the AS group as measured by goniometer (p < 0.001), image analysis (p < 0.001) and radiographic stress view (p < 0.001) than in the NS group. The abduction angle difference varied from 12° to 29.3° (median difference of 19.4°) between NS and AS groups. There were good intra-observer and very good inter-observer agreements. A very good (r = 0.74; r = 0.72, respectively) significant (p < 0.001) positive correlation between goniometric and radiographic techniques and between image analysis and radiographic techniques was observed.

Clinical Significance Shoulder abduction angles measured with a stress radiograph-specific view provide objective data that may contribute to diagnosis of medial shoulder instability in dogs.

Author Contribution

Véronique Livet, Thibaut Cachon and Juliette Sonet contributed to conception of study, study design, acquisition of data and data analysis and interpretation. Mathieu Harel contributed to study design, acquisition of data and data analysis and interpretation. Mathieu Taroni contributed to data analysis and interpretation. Claude Carozzo contributed to conception of study and data analysis and interpretation. Éric Viguier contributed to conception of study. All authors drafted, revised and approved the submitted manuscript.