Journal of Pediatric Neurology
DOI: 10.1055/s-0039-1692138
Original Article
Georg Thieme Verlag KG Stuttgart · New York

Comparison of Children with Migraine and Those with Tension-Type Headache for Psychiatric Symptoms and Quality of Life

1  Department of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry, Sami Ulus Maternity and Children’s Research and Training Hospital, Ankara, Turkey
,
Ayhan Bilgiç
2  Department of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry, Meram School of Medicine, Necmettin Erbakan University, Konya, Turkey
,
Hatice Derin
3  Department of Child Neurology, Meram School of Medicine, Necmettin Erbakan University, Konya, Turkey
,
Arzu Eroğlu
3  Department of Child Neurology, Meram School of Medicine, Necmettin Erbakan University, Konya, Turkey
,
Ömer Faruk Akça
2  Department of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry, Meram School of Medicine, Necmettin Erbakan University, Konya, Turkey
,
Hüseyin Çaksen
3  Department of Child Neurology, Meram School of Medicine, Necmettin Erbakan University, Konya, Turkey
› Author Affiliations
Further Information

Publication History

05 March 2019

24 April 2019

Publication Date:
29 May 2019 (online)

Abstract

This study compared the severity of depression, anxiety, somatization, anxiety sensitivity, sleep disturbances, and quality of life (QoL) among children with migraine, children with tension-type headache (TTH), and healthy children. A total of 37 children with migraine, 22 with TTH, and a healthy control group (n = 35) participated in this study. Children with migraine exhibited higher depression and somatization and lower QoL scores than those in the control group. General sleep disturbances, bedtime resistance, sleep onset delay, sleep duration, sleep anxiety, night wakings, sleep-disordered breathing, and daytime sleepiness scores were also higher in those in the migraine group than in the control group. Regression models indicated that the severity of headache and depression scores significantly affected the QoLs of children with headache disorder as a whole. Migraine is associated with depression, somatization, sleep disturbances, and poor QoL, whereas TTH is associated with only sleep disturbances in childhood. The impact of headache on the QoL occurs mainly through the headache-specific and psychiatric factors.