CC BY-NC-ND 4.0 · Rev Bras Ortop (Sao Paulo) 2019; 54(03): 316-321
DOI: 10.1055/s-0039-1691763
Artigo Original | Original Article
Sociedade Brasileira de Ortopedia e Traumatologia. Published by Thieme Revnter Publicações Ltda Rio de Janeiro, Brazil

Mosaicplasty Technique in the Treatment of Isolated Knee Femoral Condyle Osteochondral Lesions – a Retrospective Study[*]

Article in several languages: português | English
Samir Karmali
1  Departamento Ortopédico, Hospital Vila Franca de Xira, Vila Franca de Xira, Portugal
,
Rui Guerreiro
1  Departamento Ortopédico, Hospital Vila Franca de Xira, Vila Franca de Xira, Portugal
,
Daniel Sá da Costa
1  Departamento Ortopédico, Hospital Vila Franca de Xira, Vila Franca de Xira, Portugal
,
Jorge Fonseca
1  Departamento Ortopédico, Hospital Vila Franca de Xira, Vila Franca de Xira, Portugal
,
2  Departamento Ortopédico, Unidade de Ombro e Cotovelo, Hospital Privado de Gaia, Vila Nova de Gaia, Portugal
› Author Affiliations
Further Information

Publication History

07 January 2018

28 May 2018

Publication Date:
27 June 2019 (online)

Abstract

Objective Focal osteochondral lesions of the knee are found in two thirds of patients undergoing arthroscopy; their treatment, when isolated and especially in young individuals, remains a debating topic. The present study analyzes the results obtained by the application of the mosaicplasty technique on the treatment of isolated knee femoral condyle osteochondral lesions.

Methods Retrospective study of patients submitted to mosaicplasty and to subjective analyses with pre- and postsurgery International Knee Documentation Committee (IKDC) scores.

Results A total of 13 cases with an average age of 34 years old, with male patients (n = 4; 31%) with an average age of 23 years old (range: 17–31 years old), and female patients (n = 9; 69%) with an average age of 39 years old (range: 16–56 years old); medial versus lateral femoral (n = 11; 85% versus n = 2; 15%); the average size of the lesion was 1.8 cm2 (range: 0.6–4 cm2); average follow-up time: 5.045 ± 3.47 years (range: 1.15–11.01 years). The average preoperative IKDC score was of 31.63 points (±20.24), the average postoperative IKDC score was of 74.18 points (±20.26). The difference between the post- and preoperative IKDC scores was of 42.55 (±21.05) points, being the minimal score increase of 8.1 points and the maximum score increase of 82.8 points. A statistically significant difference (p < 0.001) was found between the IKDC scores before and after the surgery. A statistically significant relation (p = 0.038) was found between the IKDC score increase (the difference between the postoperative and the preoperative scores) and the dimension of the lesion.

Conclusions Mosaicplasty with osteochondral autograft transfer, when adequately used, can produce excellent results with great durability and functional impact, low morbidity rates and costs. Expansion of the indication criteria shows promising mid-term and long-term results.

* The present study was conducted at the Orthopedic Department, Hospital Vila Franca de Xira, Portugal.