CC BY-NC-ND 4.0 · Eur J Dent 2019; 13(01): 124-128
DOI: 10.1055/s-0039-1688654
Review Article
Dental Investigation Society

Nuclear Magnetic Resonance Spectroscopy for Medical and Dental Applications: A Comprehensive Review

Komal Zia
1  Department of Oral Biology, Riyadh College of Dentistry and Pharmacy, Riyadh, Saudi Arabia
,
Talal Siddiqui
2  General Dental Practitioner, Karachi, Pakistan
,
Saqib Ali
3  Department of Biomedical Dental Sciences, College of Dentistry, Imam Abdulrahman Bin Faisal University, Dammam, Saudi Arabia
,
Imran Farooq
3  Department of Biomedical Dental Sciences, College of Dentistry, Imam Abdulrahman Bin Faisal University, Dammam, Saudi Arabia
,
Muhammad Sohail Zafar
4  Department of Restorative Dentistry, College of Dentistry, Taibah University, Madinah Munawwarah, Saudi Arabia
5  Department of Dental Materials, Islamic International Dental College, Riphah International University, Islamabad, Pakistan
,
Zohaib Khurshid
6  Department of Prosthodontics and Implantology, College of Dentistry, King Faisal University, Al-Ahsa, Saudi Arabia
› Author Affiliations
Further Information

Publication History

Publication Date:
06 June 2019 (online)

  

Abstract

Nuclear magnetic resonance (NMR) spectroscopy is one of the most significant analytical techniques that has been developed in the past few decades. A broad range of biological and nonbiological applications ranging from an individual cell to organs and tissues has been investigated through NMR. Various aspects of this technique are still under research, and many functions of the NMR are still pending a better understanding and acknowledgment. Therefore, this review is aimed at providing a general overview of the main principles, types of this technique, and the advantages and disadvantages of NMR spectroscopy. In addition, an insight into the current uses of NMR in the field of medicine and dentistry and ongoing developments of NMR spectroscopy for future applications has been discussed.