CC BY-NC-ND 4.0 · IJNS 2019; 08(01): 006-010
DOI: 10.1055/s-0039-1687715
Review Article
Neurological Surgeons' Society of India

An Overview of Robotics in Functional Neurosurgery

Vikas Vazhayil
1  Department of Neurosurgery, National Institute of Mental Health and Neurosciences (NIMHANS), Bengaluru, Karnataka, India
,
Madhav Rao
2  International Institute of Information Technology, Bangalore, Karnataka, India
,
Manish Beniwal
1  Department of Neurosurgery, National Institute of Mental Health and Neurosciences (NIMHANS), Bengaluru, Karnataka, India
,
Nishanth Sadashiva
1  Department of Neurosurgery, National Institute of Mental Health and Neurosciences (NIMHANS), Bengaluru, Karnataka, India
,
Narasinga Rao Kannepalli Venkata Lakshmi
1  Department of Neurosurgery, National Institute of Mental Health and Neurosciences (NIMHANS), Bengaluru, Karnataka, India
,
Sampath Somanna
1  Department of Neurosurgery, National Institute of Mental Health and Neurosciences (NIMHANS), Bengaluru, Karnataka, India
› Author Affiliations
Further Information

Publication History

Received: 25 September 2018

Accepted: 29 October 2018

Publication Date:
22 April 2019 (eFirst)

  

Abstract

Stereotactic techniques are used in a wide range of neurosurgical procedures. The procedures demand a high degree of spatial accuracy and minimal error. There are diverse functional surgeries that require stereotactic procedures, including deep brain stimulation, brain biopsies, and epilepsy procedures. Though the disease processes are diverse, all these procedures require accurate targeting of deep structures without visual guidance. The use of robots for stereotactic procedures is a natural progression in the surgeon's quest for higher accuracy and lower complications. This paper reviews the role of robots in stereotactic procedures and outlines current status of robots in stereotactic procedures. The shortcomings of current systems and an outline of an ideal stereotactic device are presented.