Semin Musculoskelet Radiol 2019; 23(03): 304-311
DOI: 10.1055/s-0039-1684024
Review Article
Thieme Medical Publishers 333 Seventh Avenue, New York, NY 10001, USA.

Artificial Intelligence in Musculoskeletal Imaging: Review of Current Literature, Challenges, and Trends

Anna Hirschmann
1  Department of Radiology and Nuclear Medicine, University Hospital Basel and University of Basel, Basel, Switzerland
,
Joshy Cyriac
1  Department of Radiology and Nuclear Medicine, University Hospital Basel and University of Basel, Basel, Switzerland
,
Bram Stieltjes
1  Department of Radiology and Nuclear Medicine, University Hospital Basel and University of Basel, Basel, Switzerland
,
Tobias Kober
2  Department of Radiology, Lausanne University Hospital and University of Lausanne, Switzerland, Lausanne, Switzerland
3  Advanced Clinical Imaging Technology, Siemens Healthcare AG, Lausanne, Switzerland
4  LTS5, École Polytechnique Fédérale de Lausanne, Lausanne, Switzerland
,
Jonas Richiardi
2  Department of Radiology, Lausanne University Hospital and University of Lausanne, Switzerland, Lausanne, Switzerland
3  Advanced Clinical Imaging Technology, Siemens Healthcare AG, Lausanne, Switzerland
,
Patrick Omoumi
2  Department of Radiology, Lausanne University Hospital and University of Lausanne, Switzerland, Lausanne, Switzerland
› Author Affiliations
Further Information

Publication History

Publication Date:
04 June 2019 (online)

Abstract

Artificial intelligence (AI) has gained major attention with a rapid increase in the number of published articles, mostly recently. This review provides a general understanding of how AI can or will be useful to the musculoskeletal radiologist. After a brief technical background on AI, machine learning, and deep learning, we illustrate, through examples from the musculoskeletal literature, potential AI applications in the various steps of the radiologist's workflow, from managing the request to communication of results. The implementation of AI solutions does not go without challenges and limitations. These are also discussed, as well as the trends and perspectives.