Vet Comp Orthop Traumatol 2019; 32(03): 257-268
DOI: 10.1055/s-0039-1678736
Clinical Communication
Georg Thieme Verlag KG Stuttgart · New York

Epoxy-Pin External Skeletal Fixation for Management of Open Bone Fractures in Calves and Foals: A Review of 32 Cases

Hari P. Aithal
1  Division of Surgery, Indian Veterinary Research Institute, Izzatnagar, Uttar Pradesh, India
,
Prakash Kinjavdekar
1  Division of Surgery, Indian Veterinary Research Institute, Izzatnagar, Uttar Pradesh, India
,
Amarpal,
Abhijit M. Pawde
1  Division of Surgery, Indian Veterinary Research Institute, Izzatnagar, Uttar Pradesh, India
,
Malik-Mohammad-Shams-uz-Zama,
Prasoon Dubey
1  Division of Surgery, Indian Veterinary Research Institute, Izzatnagar, Uttar Pradesh, India
,
Rohit Kumar
1  Division of Surgery, Indian Veterinary Research Institute, Izzatnagar, Uttar Pradesh, India
,
Surbhi K. Tyagi
1  Division of Surgery, Indian Veterinary Research Institute, Izzatnagar, Uttar Pradesh, India
,
Doddadasarahalli N. Madhu
1  Division of Surgery, Indian Veterinary Research Institute, Izzatnagar, Uttar Pradesh, India
› Author Affiliations
Further Information

Publication History

16 July 2018

08 January 2019

Publication Date:
28 March 2019 (eFirst)

Abstract

Objective The aim of this study was to evaluate epoxy-pin external skeletal fixation technique for the treatment of open fractures in calves and foals.

Study Design Twenty-eight calves and four foals (weighing 45–105 kg) with fractures distal to the stifle or elbow made the subject for the retrospective study. The pins (2.0–3.0-mm Kirschner wires, crossed at 60–90°) were fixed at least at two locations in both proximal and distal bone fragments as per the case situation. The pins in the same plane were bent (∼2 cm from the skin) towards the fracture site or joint and were joined using an adhesive tape (additional pins used when required) to make a temporary scaffold of connecting bars or rings. Thoroughly mixed epoxy putty was applied along the pin scaffold (the epoxy columns were 20–25 mm diameter) and allowed to set for 45 to 60 minutes. All animals were evaluated based on various clinical and radiographic observations made at regular intervals.

Results The epoxy-pin fixation was easy to apply and provided stable fixation of bone as indicated by early weight bearing, and fracture healing within 45 to 60 days (17/32 cases). The functional recovery was good to very good in 14 animals and satisfactory in nine cases by 12 months after removal of the fixator.

Conclusions The multiplanar epoxy-pin external skeletal fixation provides stable fixation of unstable open fractures distal to the stifle or elbow joint; hence, it can be used to treat a variety of fractures in calves and foals weighing up to approximately 100 kg, especially open infected fractures of lower limb, which are difficult to treat by conventional techniques.

Author Contribution

All authors contributed to conception of study, study design, acquisition of data and data analysis and interpretation. All authors also drafted, revised and approved the submitted manuscript.


Supplementary Material