Semin Neurol 2019; 39(01): 073-081
DOI: 10.1055/s-0038-1677008
Review Article
Thieme Medical Publishers 333 Seventh Avenue, New York, NY 10001, USA.

Emergency Management of Epilepsy and Seizures

Anna M. Bank
1  Department of Neurology, Columbia University Medical Center, New York, New York
,
Carl W. Bazil
1  Department of Neurology, Columbia University Medical Center, New York, New York
› Author Affiliations
Further Information

Publication History

Publication Date:
11 February 2019 (online)

Abstract

Seizure- and epilepsy-related complications are a common cause of emergency medical evaluation, accounting for 5% of 911 calls and 1% of emergency department visits. Emergency physicians and neurologists must be able to recognize and treat seizure- and epilepsy-related emergencies. This review describes the emergency evaluation and management of new onset seizures, breakthrough seizures in patients with known epilepsy, status epilepticus, acute symptomatic seizures, and acute adverse effects of antiepileptic drugs.