J Neurol Surg A Cent Eur Neurosurg 2019; 80(02): 088-095
DOI: 10.1055/s-0038-1673399
Original Article
Georg Thieme Verlag KG Stuttgart · New York

Percutaneous Endoscopic Diskectomy using an Interlaminar Approach Based on 3D CT/MR Fusion Imaging

Jiro Hirayama
1   Department of Orthopaedic and Spine Surgery, Seikei-kai Chiba Medical Center, Chiba, Japan
Masayuki Hashimoto
1   Department of Orthopaedic and Spine Surgery, Seikei-kai Chiba Medical Center, Chiba, Japan
› Author Affiliations
Further Information

Publication History

07 January 2018

16 April 2018

Publication Date:
24 December 2018 (online)


Background With effective preoperative planning, percutaneous endoscopic diskectomy (PED) via an interlaminar approach (PED-IL) can reduce the need for partial laminectomy. Our aim was to assess the clinical outcomes of PED-IL, planned using three-dimensional fusion of computed tomography and magnetic resonance (3D CT/MR) images.

Material and Methods Our retrospective analysis was based on data from 102 patients (66 were men) treated by PED-IL. Preoperative planning was based on the positional relationship between the nerve root and the lumbar disk herniation, visualized on 3D CT/MR fusion images through a simulated IL window. Two approaches were planned: type I, via a partial window opening of the ligamentum flavum, and type II, via a partial IL window opening and partial laminectomy. Decisions were then made to approach the herniation from the shoulder (subtype s) or axillary (subtype a) portion of the nerve, or we used a combination of both approaches (subtype a + s). Operative time and the pre- to postsurgical change in pain and pain-related disability scores (Japanese Orthopaedic Association Back Pain Evaluation Questionnaire scores) were evaluated. The number of cases in which the preoperative planned surgery was modified intraoperatively and the incidence of complications were also evaluated.

Results A type I approach was planned in 30 cases (29.4%) and type II in 72 cases (70.6%). Intraoperative change from type I to type II was required in two cases. The mean operative time was longer for type II than type I procedures. Pain and pain-related disability scores improved in all patients, and only one case of dural sleeve damage was identified.

Conclusions Preoperative planning using a simulated IL window to visualize the 3D regional anatomy is effective in predicting the feasibility of a PED-IL.

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