Microsurgical Gross Total Resection of a WHO Grade II Cerebellopontine Angle Ependymoma in an AdultDisclosure of Funding None.
30 May 2018
12 August 2018
25 September 2018 (online)
Infratentorial ependymomas that arise in the fourth ventricle and extend into the cerebellopontine angle (CPA) through the foramina of Luschka are well described. However, a primary CPA location of an ependymoma is distinctly uncommon. In this video, we present a 46-year-old man with episodes of dizziness, left-sided tinnitus, imbalance, double vision, and nausea. An magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) scan of the head showed a large mass lesion centered in the CPA with heterogenous enhancement. Differential diagnosis included ependymoma, meningioma, schwannoma of the vestibular nerve, or lower cranial nerves, and choroid plexus papilloma. He underwent microsurgical gross total resection of the tumor via a retrosigmoid approach. Direct stimulation of the cranial nerves was performed throughout the case and there was no attachment of the tumor to any cranial nerve to suggest that this might be a schwannoma. The tumor encased important vasculature, including the posterior-inferior cerebellar artery. The histopathology was a grade II ependymoma. The patient tolerated the surgery well and his postoperative course was uneventful. He remained neurologically intact. He received radiation therapy and there was no recurrent or residual disease on follow-up studies. This video demonstrates important steps of the surgical approach and microsurgical resection techniques for this type of challenging tumor.
The link to the video can be found at: https://youtu.be/KK-y6EYh888.