CC BY 4.0 · Surg J 2018; 04(03): e119-e122
DOI: 10.1055/s-0038-1665550
Case Report
Thieme Medical Publishers 333 Seventh Avenue, New York, NY 10001, USA.

Bile Duct Injury in Children: Is There a Role for Early Endoscopic Retrograde Cholangiopancreatography?

Akram H. Aljahdali
1  Department of Surgery Johns Hopkins Aramco Healthcare Center, Dhahran, Saudi Arabia
,
James J. Murphy
2  Division of Pediatric Surgery, Department of Surgery, University of Vermont Medical Center, Burlington, Vermont
› Author Affiliations
Funding This work was not supported or funded by any company.
Further Information

Publication History

06 September 2017

16 May 2018

Publication Date:
12 July 2018 (online)

Abstract

Introduction Liver injury is common among pediatric abdominal trauma. Nonoperative management is the standard of care in isolated stable liver injuries. Bile leak is not an uncommon complication in moderate- and high-grade injuries.

Case series Three pediatric patients (age: 10–15 years) suffered grade IV liver injuries secondary to blunt abdominal trauma. All developed significant bile leak treated nonoperatively with endoscopic retrograde cholangiopancreatography (ERCP), and patients 1 and 2 were treated with bile duct stent alone. Patient 3 required laparotomy for bile peritonitis and abdominal compartment syndrome followed by interval ERCP and bile duct stent.

Conclusion Traumatic bile leaks if not recognized and managed early can result in significant morbidity. This paper describes the presentation and treatment of three pediatric patients with blunt liver trauma complicated by significant bile leaks that were managed successfully with ERCP and bile duct stent. This paper demonstrates the importance of early detection of bile leak to prevent bile peritonitis. Abdominal imaging 4 to 5 days postinjury can help in detecting bile accumulation. We believe that ERCP and bile duct stent are becoming the standard of care in diagnosing and treating traumatic bile leak. This paper confirms the safety and feasibility of this technique in the pediatric population.

Disclosure

This abstract was not presented at any meeting before and is not under process of review for publication at another journal.