CC BY-NC-ND 4.0 · CMTR Open 2018; 02(01): e9-e14
DOI: 10.1055/s-0038-1660434
Original Article
Thieme Medical Publishers 333 Seventh Avenue, New York, NY 10001, USA.

Occurrence and Pattern of Maxillofacial Injuries Caused by Motorcycle Crashes Presenting at Two Major Referral Hospitals in Nairobi, Kenya

Simba Nyameino
1  Department of Surgery, Kisii General Hospital, Kisii, Kenya
,
Fawzia Butt
2  Department of Human Anatomy, University of Nairobi College of Health Sciences, University of Nairobi, Nairobi, Kenya
3  Department of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery, University of Nairobi, Nairobi, Kenya
,
Symon W. Guthua
4  Department of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery, University of Nairobi, Nairobi, Kenya
,
Francis Macigo
5  Department of Periodontology/Community and Preventive Dentistry, School of Dental Sciences, University of Nairobi, Nairobi, Kenya
,
Mathew Akama
4  Department of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery, University of Nairobi, Nairobi, Kenya
› Author Affiliations
Further Information

Publication History

22 November 2017

26 March 2018

Publication Date:
15 June 2018 (online)

Abstract

Motorcycle crashes in Kenya have increased over the last decade and the most common injuries include the cranio-maxillofacial regions which needs documentation. This article determines the occurrence and pattern of maxillofacial injuries in motorcycle crashes. This was a descriptive, cross-sectional prospective study conducted at two referral hospitals in Nairobi, Kenya. Data were obtained through interview and physical examination of patients. Ninety-one patients were examined, among whom 76 (83.5%) were males and 15(16.5%) females (male–female ratio, 5:1). The age range and modal age were between 3 and 62 years and 21 and 30 years, respectively (mean age = 29 years). The midface was the most common fractured site (38%). Motorcycle-related injuries were most common in males aged 21 to 40 years. Collisions and falls were the most common cause of crashes. The midface was the most common region of facial injury and the injuries were associated with the lack of helmet use.