Thromb Haemost 1969; 21(01): 580-593
DOI: 10.1055/s-0038-1653571
Originalarbeiten - Original Articles - Travaux Originaux
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Reaction Kinetics of Thrombin Activity in Decalcified Plasma and Blood

L. A Pálos M. D.
1  Postgraduate Medical School, 1st Department of Medicine (Head: Prof. L. A. Pálos) Budapest, Hungary
,
G Sas M. D.
1  Postgraduate Medical School, 1st Department of Medicine (Head: Prof. L. A. Pálos) Budapest, Hungary
,
A Csurgay Ph. D.
1  Postgraduate Medical School, 1st Department of Medicine (Head: Prof. L. A. Pálos) Budapest, Hungary
› Author Affiliations
Further Information

Publication History

Publication Date:
10 June 2018 (online)

Summary

The reaction kinetics of the second phase of blood clotting (conversion of fibrinogen to fibrin) has been studied in euglobulin and thrombin-antithrombin systems. It was intended to set up relationships that would make mathematical expression of the processes possible and which would, moreover, help in detecting dynamic and functional relationships characteristic of the mechanism involved in coagulation.

The experiments have yielded the following results:

1. In the euglobulin solution containing no antithrombin the fibrinogen-thrombin reaction can be characterized with a constant deviation from the first order kinetics.

2. The process of thrombin inactivation is a reaction of first order in the initial phase.

3. The two basic processes (clotting by thrombin in euglobulin solution, inactivation of thrombin in defibrinated plasma) make it possible to predetermine the thrombin time of citrated plasma. Theoretical and actual clotting times were in good agreement.

4. The thrombin time of plasma can be computed even if thrombin is not introduced to the system at one stride but gradually, a manner of administration which is a better imitation of what happening in vivo.

5. In connection with the computation of the “thrombin time” of citrated blood, we determined experimentally (and expressed by means of a function) the modification produced by the corpuscular elements of the blood in the reaction between fibrinogen and thrombin under atraumatic conditions.