Semin Neurol 2018; 38(02): 208-211
DOI: 10.1055/s-0038-1649503
Review Article
Thieme Medical Publishers 333 Seventh Avenue, New York, NY 10001, USA.

Global Burden of Stroke

Mira Katan
1  Department of Neurology, Stroke Center, University Hospital of Zurich, Zurich, Switzerland
,
Andreas Luft
1  Department of Neurology, Stroke Center, University Hospital of Zurich, Zurich, Switzerland
2  Cereneo Center for Neurology and Rehabilitation, Vitznau, Switzerland
› Author Affiliations
Further Information

Publication History

Publication Date:
23 May 2018 (online)

Abstract

Stroke is the second leading cause of death and a major cause of disability worldwide. Its incidence is increasing because the population ages. In addition, more young people are affected by stroke in low- and middle-income countries. Ischemic stroke is more frequent but hemorrhagic stroke is responsible for more deaths and disability-adjusted life-years lost. Incidence and mortality of stroke differ between countries, geographical regions, and ethnic groups. In high-income countries mainly, improvements in prevention, acute treatment, and neurorehabilitation have led to a substantial decrease in the burden of stroke over the past 30 years. This article reviews the epidemiological and clinical data concerning stroke incidence and burden around the globe.