CC-BY-NC-ND 4.0 · CMTR Open 2018; 02(01): e1-e8
DOI: 10.1055/s-0038-1646776
Original Article
Thieme Medical Publishers 333 Seventh Avenue, New York, NY 10001, USA.

Bite Force Assessment of Mandibular Interforaminal Fractures Treated with Combination of Microplate and Miniplate—A Randomized Control Study

Anand D.
1  Department of Dentistry, Hassan Institute of Medical Sciences, Hassan, Karnataka, India
2  Department of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery, M. S. Ramaiah University of Applied Sciences, Faculty of Dental Sciences, Bengaluru, Karnataka, India
,
Kavitha Prasad
2  Department of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery, M. S. Ramaiah University of Applied Sciences, Faculty of Dental Sciences, Bengaluru, Karnataka, India
,
Lalitha RM
2  Department of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery, M. S. Ramaiah University of Applied Sciences, Faculty of Dental Sciences, Bengaluru, Karnataka, India
,
Ranganath K.
2  Department of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery, M. S. Ramaiah University of Applied Sciences, Faculty of Dental Sciences, Bengaluru, Karnataka, India
,
Rajnikanth BR
2  Department of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery, M. S. Ramaiah University of Applied Sciences, Faculty of Dental Sciences, Bengaluru, Karnataka, India
,
Sejal K. Munoyath
2  Department of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery, M. S. Ramaiah University of Applied Sciences, Faculty of Dental Sciences, Bengaluru, Karnataka, India
,
Parimala Sagar
2  Department of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery, M. S. Ramaiah University of Applied Sciences, Faculty of Dental Sciences, Bengaluru, Karnataka, India
,
Vineeth K.
2  Department of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery, M. S. Ramaiah University of Applied Sciences, Faculty of Dental Sciences, Bengaluru, Karnataka, India
,
Prathibha Sridhar
2  Department of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery, M. S. Ramaiah University of Applied Sciences, Faculty of Dental Sciences, Bengaluru, Karnataka, India
› Author Affiliations
Funding None.
Further Information

Publication History

15 November 2017

29 November 2017

Publication Date:
21 May 2018 (online)

Abstract

The purpose of this study was to compare the mechanical behavior of combination of microplate and miniplate with two standard miniplates for fixation of mandibular fractures in the interforaminal region on the basis of bite force and other clinical parameters. A prospective randomized study was conducted on 20 patients with mandibular fracture requiring open reduction and internal fixation (ORIF) who were randomly categorized into Group A and Group B with 10 patients in each group. Ten healthy persons whose age and gender matched with study groups were included in control Group C. Pre- and postoperative bite force was measured at specified intervals in both the study groups and was compared with the control group. The bite force values were comparatively less in Group A than Group B, although there was no statistically significant difference. Also, bite force values were less in both the study groups when compared with the control group. No statistically significant difference was found in other clinical parameters such as infection, fracture mobility, and hardware failure. The results were suggestive that the use of microplate and miniplate combination in management of minimally displaced mandibular fractures in the interforaminal region provides stable fixation comparable to two miniplate combination.