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Pisotriquetral Pain Treated with Bilateral Pisiform Excision in a Collegiate Diver
13 October 2017
17 March 2018
24 April 2018 (online)
Background Pisiform excision and pisotriquetral arthrodesis are two surgical options for the treatment of pisotriquetral joint pain when conservative methods fail. However, it is unclear which option is best for patients who experience substantial, repetitive loading on their wrists and wish to preserve wrist flexibility and function.
Case Description We present a case of bilateral ulnar-sided wrist pain related to the pisotriquetral joint in a 19-year-old collegiate diver. The pain was exacerbated by activities specific to this sport that requires wrist hyperextension, namely full weight-bearing on the hands (handstands), and has an impact on the hands and wrists upon water entry during dives due to direct palmar pressure. There were no radiographic signs of arthritis; however, there were bone marrow changes on magnetic resonance imaging (MRI). Management with rest, splinting, and corticosteroid injection failed to relieve the pain and precluded his ability to return to full-time diving. Treatment consisted of bilateral pisiform excision. Postoperatively, the patient returned to full-time competitive diving with resolution of his painful symptoms.
Literature Review Pisiform excision has been shown to have successful outcomes in terms of return to play for lower impact athletes (such as badminton) but has not been reported in athletes who experience a high degree of force repetitively (such as gymnasts or divers). There is one report of pisotriquetral arthrodesis in a young gymnast with suboptimal results.
Clinical Relevance This case report demonstrates that pisiform excision is a successful treatment for elite athletes who experience repetitive, palmar force on hyperextended wrists and subsequently develop ulnar-sided wrist pain.
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