Digestive Disease Interventions 2018; 02(01): 011-017
DOI: 10.1055/s-0038-1641164
Review Article
Thieme Medical Publishers 333 Seventh Avenue, New York, NY 10001, USA

Minimally Invasive Treatment Strategies for Tracheoesophageal Fistulae

Pavan Najran
1   Department of Radiology, The Christie NHS Foundation Trust, Manchester, United Kingdom
Damian Mullan
1   Department of Radiology, The Christie NHS Foundation Trust, Manchester, United Kingdom
David Shepherd
2   Formerly Department of Radiology, Royal Bournemouth Hospital, Bournemouth, United Kingdom
Alan Li
3   Department of Radiology, Central Manchester Foundation Trust, Manchester, United Kingdom
Hans-Ulrich Laasch
1   Department of Radiology, The Christie NHS Foundation Trust, Manchester, United Kingdom
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Weitere Informationen


12. Januar 2018

19. Februar 2018

07. Mai 2018 (online)


Tracheoesophageal fistula (TOF) is a serious consequence of invasive malignancy or iatrogenic injury. TOF can result in aspiration, infection, and sepsis causing significant morbidly and mortality. Management of TOF is challenging and deciding an appropriate strategy requires a multidisciplinary approach. Surgical management has limited application with associated risks and is not an option for a large portion of patients. Minimally invasive methods such as endoscopic repair and stent insertion are favorable. Radiological insertion of metallic stents allows accurate stent placement with the aid of fluoroscopic mapping. This review describes the various methods of managing TOF by a multidisciplinary team.

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