Vet Comp Orthop Traumatol 2018; 31(03): 214-217
DOI: 10.1055/s-0038-1639485
Clinical Communication
Schattauer GmbH Stuttgart

Clinical Outcomes and Complications after Open Reduction and Internal Fixation Utilizing Conventional Plates in 65 Distal Radial and Ulnar Fractures of Miniature- and Toy-Breed Dogs

Takeshi Aikawa
1  Department of Surgery, Aikawa Veterinary Medical Center, Tokyo, Japan
,
Yuta Miyazaki
1  Department of Surgery, Aikawa Veterinary Medical Center, Tokyo, Japan
,
Taichi Shimatsu
1  Department of Surgery, Aikawa Veterinary Medical Center, Tokyo, Japan
,
Kyoko Iizuka
1  Department of Surgery, Aikawa Veterinary Medical Center, Tokyo, Japan
,
Masaaki Nishimura
1  Department of Surgery, Aikawa Veterinary Medical Center, Tokyo, Japan
› Author Affiliations
Further Information

Publication History

09 February 2017

30 January 2018

Publication Date:
23 April 2018 (eFirst)

Abstract

Objective This article aims to evaluate clinical outcomes and complications of distal radial and ulnar fractures in miniature- and toy-breed dogs treated with conventional bone plate fixation.

Methods Medical records (2001–2010) of miniature- and toy-breed dogs with distal radial and ulnar fractures repaired with open reduction and internal fixation utilizing conventional plates were reviewed. The inclusion criteria were body weight of <7 kg, fracture located in the distal antebrachium (distal-to-total radial length ratio < 0.4) and follow-up radiographs available.

Results All 65 fractures healed without developing non-union, and had a successful return to normal function (median follow-up: 73 months; range: 2–149 months). Minor complication in seven fractures and major complication in four fractures were identified.

Clinical Significance Open reduction and conventional plate fixation of distal radial and ulnar fractures in miniature- and toy-breed dogs are effective means of fixation that result in normal functional outcome without developing non-union.

Supplementary Material