Homeopathy 2018; 107(02): 143-149
DOI: 10.1055/s-0038-1637009
Original Research Article
The Faculty of Homeopathy

Homeopathy for Perennial Asthma in Adolescents: Pilot Feasibility Study Testing a Randomised Withdrawal Design

Livia Mitchiguian Hotta
1  Ambulatório da Criança e do Adolescente da Prefeitura de Guarulhos
Ubiratan Cardinalli Adler
2  Departamento de Medicina, Universidade Federal de São Carlos, São Carlos, São Paulo, Brazil
Amarilys de Toledo Cesar
3  HN Cristiano Homeopatia
Edson Zangiacomi Martinez
4  Departamento de Medicina Social, Faculdade de Medicina de Ribeirão Preto Universidade de São Paulo, Brazil
Marcelo Marcos Piva Demarzo
5  Departamento de Medicina Preventiva, Universidade Federal de São Paulo, São Paulo, Brazil
› Author Affiliations
Funding Authors declare that there was no funding source, apart from the provision of study medication.
Further Information

Publication History

02 November 2017

05 February 2018

Publication Date:
26 March 2018 (eFirst)


Introduction Previous findings from a pragmatic trial suggest that usual care compared with usual care plus individualised homeopathy is not a feasible design to address homeopathic interventions for asthma.

Objective The main purpose of this article was to investigate the feasibility of the randomised withdrawal design as a strategy to assess the effectiveness of a standardised clinical–pharmaceutical homeopathic protocol (Organon.modus) on perennial asthma in adolescents.

Methods Randomised withdrawal, double-blind, parallel, placebo-controlled, 12-week study. Patients: 12 to 17 years old adolescents, with the diagnosis of perennial asthma, using inhalatory beclomethasone (plus fenoterol for wheezing episodes), who achieved 3 months of well-controlled asthma, after a variable period of individualised homeopathic treatment according to Organon.modus protocol. Setting: a secondary care medical specialist centre. Intervention: continuation with the individualised homeopathic medicine or with indistinguishable placebo during 12 weeks of beclomethasone step-down. Primary outcome: number of days of well-controlled asthma. Secondary measures: number of days of fenoterol use, number of visits to an emergency service (without hospitalisation) and percentage of patients excluded due to an exacerbation characterising a partly controlled asthma. Tolerability was assessed by Adverse Events, registered at every visit.

Results Nineteen patients were randomised to continue treatment with homeopathy and 21 with placebo. Effectiveness measures for the homeopathy and placebo groups respectively were median number of days of good clinical control: 84 versus 30 (p = 0.18); median number of days of fenoterol use per patient: 3 versus 5 (p = 0.41); visits to an emergency room: 1 versus 6 (p = 0.35); percentage of exclusion due to partly controlled asthma: 36.8% versus 71.4% (p = 0.05). Few Adverse Events were reported.

Conclusions This pilot study supports the feasibility of the double-blind randomised withdrawal design in studies investigating homeopathy on teenage asthma, when performed by specialists following a standardised clinical–pharmaceutical homeopathic protocol.

Clinical Trial Registration RBR-6XTS8Z.