Semin intervent Radiol 2018; 35(01): 062-068
DOI: 10.1055/s-0038-1636524
Review Article
Thieme Medical Publishers 333 Seventh Avenue, New York, NY 10001, USA.

Female Pelvic Vascular Malformations

Aparna Annam
1  Division of Interventional Radiology, Department of Radiology, University of Colorado, Children's Hospital Colorado, Aurora, Colorado
› Author Affiliations
Further Information

Publication History

Publication Date:
05 April 2018 (online)


Vascular malformations are classified primarily according to their flow characteristics, slow flow (lymphatic and venous) or fast flow (arteriovenous). They can occur anywhere in the body but have a unique presentation when affecting the female pelvis. With a detailed clinical history and the proper imaging studies, the correct diagnosis can be made and the best treatment can be initiated. Lymphatic and venous malformations are often treated with sclerotherapy while arteriovenous malformations usually require embolization. At times, surgical intervention of vascular malformations or medical management of lymphatic malformations has been implemented in a multidisciplinary approach to patient care. This review presents an overview of vascular malformations of the female pelvis, their clinical course, diagnostic studies, and treatment options.