Conservative versus surgical treatment of metacarpal and metatarsal fractures in dogsSpecial thanks to Sharon Ward for editorial assistance.
16. Juni 1999
Accepted 06. März 2000
09. Februar 2018 (online)
The purpose of this retrospective study was to compare the outcome of metacarpal and metatarsal fractures treated conservatively versus surgically. Internal fixation of these fractures is recommended if there are: more than two metacarpal or metatarsal fractures in the same leg; two fractures of weight bearing bones; articular fractures; fractures with significant displacement; open fractures; and if the fractures occur in large breed, athletic, show, or working dogs. All 25 dogs fit the published criteria for surgical fixation to achieve a good outcome. Treatment (surgical versus conservative) was assigned based on owners’ decisions only. Follow-up was nine-68 months. Anything less than perfect in the categories used to evaluate outcome was considered a failure. Outcome was not statistically affected by surgery or conservative treatment, and no other factors significantly affected outcome. The present recommendations used in determining if surgery is necessary for these fractures were extrapolated from human literature and may have no scientific validity in our patients.
Open reduction and fixation was compared with closed reduction and coaptation for the treatment of multiple fractures of the metacarpal and metatarsal bones in 25 dogs.
This study was presented at the February 27 to March 6, 1999 Veterinary Orthopaedic Society Meeting in Sun Valley Idaho, USA
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