CC BY-NC-ND 4.0 · J Acad Ophthalmol 2018; 10(01): e12-e15
DOI: 10.1055/s-0038-1626731
Research Article
Thieme Medical Publishers 333 Seventh Avenue, New York, NY 10001, USA.

Neuro-ophthalmology Training in Ophthalmology Residency Programs in the United States

Laura L. Wayman
1  Department of Ophthalmology, Vanderbilt University, Nashville, Tennessee
John J. Chen
2  Department of Neurology and Ophthalmology, Mayo Clinic, Rochester, Minnesota
Jacqueline A. Leavitt
3  Department of Ophthalmology, Mayo Clinic, Rochester, Minnesota
› Author Affiliations
Funding This work was supported in part by an unrestricted grant from Research to Prevent Blindness, New York.
Further Information

Publication History

27 March 2017

19 December 2017

Publication Date:
05 February 2018 (online)



Background The status of neuro-ophthalmology education in ophthalmology residency training in the United States is unknown. There are numerous articles in the literature detailing resident outcomes for surgical procedures; however, there are no articles detailing teaching of a nonprocedural specialty. There are no specific Accreditation Council for Graduate Medical Education (ACGME) requirements for neuro-ophthalmology training within ophthalmology residency. Each program determines the amount of neuro-ophthalmology training and level of training within ophthalmology residency. There are no publications that detail the extent of neuro-ophthalmology training during ophthalmology residency.

Objective To determine the status of neuro-ophthalmology education in ophthalmology residency training programs in the United States.

Methods A survey was sent in 2014 to residency directors and neuro-ophthalmologists of all ophthalmology residency programs who participated in the Ophthalmology Residency Matching Program in the United States to determine the amount of neuro-ophthalmology training that residents receive.

Results From a total of 113 ophthalmology residency programs in the United States utilizing the Ophthalmology Residency Matching Program, 104 surveys were returned (92% response rate). Duration of neuro-ophthalmology training ranged from 1 to 112 days, with an average of 34.5 days. Most rotations occurred within postgraduate year 2 or 3.

Conclusion This is the first evaluation of the amount of neuro-ophthalmology training within ophthalmology residencies participating in the matching program in the United States, which demonstrates large variability among the different programs. Future studies could ascertain if there is a correlation between resident satisfaction in neuro-ophthalmology training and the amount of training.


This article was presented at the North American Neuro-Ophthalmology Society Meeting in 2016.