Cranial Maxillofac Trauma Reconstruction
DOI: 10.1055/s-0038-1625965
Case Report
Thieme Medical Publishers 333 Seventh Avenue, New York, NY 10001, USA.

Pure Orbital Trapdoor Fractures in Adults: Tight Entrapment of Perimuscular Tissue Mimicking True Muscle Incarceration with Successful Results from Early Intervention

Ioannis Papadiochos
Clinic of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery, Geniko Nosokomeio Evangelismou, Athens, Greece
,
Vasilis Petsinis
Clinic of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery, Dental School, University of Athens, Athens, Greece
,
Jason Tasoulas
Dental School of Athens, Athens, Greece
,
Lampros Goutzanis
Clinic of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery, Dental School, University of Athens, Athens, Greece
› Author Affiliations
Further Information

Publication History

03 November 2016

28 July 2017

Publication Date:
13 February 2018 (eFirst)

Abstract

Orbital trapdoor fractures (OTFs) entail entrapment of intraorbital soft tissues with minimal or no displacement of the affected bones and are almost exclusively seen in children. This article aimed to report the diagnosis and treatment of an OTF of the floor in an adult patient and to critically review the literature regarding the management aspects of this specific subset of orbital blowout fractures in adults. A 29-year-old man presented with limitations of vertical right eye movements owing to blunt orbital trauma. The patient mainly complained of double vision in upper gazes and some episodes of nausea. Neither floor defect nor significant bone displacement found on orbital computed tomography, while edema of inferior rectus muscle was apparent. The patient underwent surgical repair 5 days later; a linear minimally displaced fracture of the floor was recognized and complete release of the entrapped perimuscular tissues was followed. Within the first week postoperatively, full range of ocular motility was restored, without residual diplopia. This case was the only identified pure OTF over a 6-year period in our department (0.6% of 159 orbital fractures in patients >18 years). By reviewing the literature indexed in PubMed, a very limited number of either of isolated case reports or retrospective case series of pure OTFs has been reported in adults. Contrary to the typical white-eyed blowout fractures, the literature indicates that OTFs in adults seem to not always constitute absolute emergency conditions. Although such fractures need to be emergently/ immediately treated in children, in the absence of true muscle incarceration, adults may undergo successful treatment within a wider but either early or urgent frame of time. Adults frequently exhibit vagal manifestations and marked signs of local soft tissues injury.