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Ultra-Early Optic Nerve Decompression for the Resection of Anterior Clinoidal Meningioma
14 October 2017
07 December 2017
18 January 2018 (online)
Improvement in vision is one of the main goals of surgery for anterior clinoidal meningiomas with visual deficits. Early optic nerve decompression surgery has been advocated in previous studies to achieve the best visual outcome. Through this video, the authors describe their surgical techniques to decompress the optic nerve at the very early stage of surgery.
A 35-year-old patient presented with subjective blurry vision in the right eye over the last 8 months. Magnetic resonance images showed a 3.2-cm meningioma arising at the right anterior clinoid. Preoperative ophthalmological test was within the normal range, but the patient wished to have surgical resection after a detailed discussion of benefits and risks related to surgical resection. The surgical strategy consisted of the right lateral subfrontal approach that includes a standard right frontotemporal craniotomy, extradural anterior clinoidectomy, and early optic nerve decompression prior to tumor resection. The tumor was divided into compartments defined by the arteries and resected. Simpson grade II resection was achieved without complications. The patient's symptoms disappeared.
In anterior clinoidal meningiomas that cause visual deficits, the optic nerve is assumed very vulnerable to any further injuries related to the operative maneuver. Ultra-early optic nerve decompression can be performed in anterior clinoidal meningiomas regardless of their size by extradural unroofing of the optic canal and sectioning of the optic canal sheath, which we believe contributes to better visual improvement.
The link to the video can be found at: https://youtu.be/RIFi4ecWAhQ.