Journal of Pediatric Infectious Diseases 2019; 14(01): 006-010
DOI: 10.1055/s-0037-1620267
Review Article
Georg Thieme Verlag KG Stuttgart · New York

Autoimmune Encephalitis in Children

Laura Papetti
1  Division of Child Neurology, Department of Neuroscience, Bambino Gesù Children's Hospital of Rome, Rome, Italy
,
Irene Salfa
1  Division of Child Neurology, Department of Neuroscience, Bambino Gesù Children's Hospital of Rome, Rome, Italy
,
Federico Vigevano
1  Division of Child Neurology, Department of Neuroscience, Bambino Gesù Children's Hospital of Rome, Rome, Italy
,
Massimiliano Valeriani
1  Division of Child Neurology, Department of Neuroscience, Bambino Gesù Children's Hospital of Rome, Rome, Italy
› Author Affiliations
Further Information

Publication History

26 December 2016

05 November 2017

Publication Date:
15 January 2018 (online)

Abstract

Autoimmune encephalitis (AIE) can produce a very wide range of neuropsychiatric symptoms. A major challenge in diagnosis is that different symptoms may appear at different times and different levels of intensity, so the disease may mimic many other disorders. Pathogenesis is likely to be mediated by antibodies (Abs) to CNS proteins. This article focuses on recent clinical advances, newly characterized Abs, and treatment approaches to these disorders.

Note

Laura Papetti is participating in a PhD program in biotechnology at the Sapienza University of Rome.