CC-BY-NC-ND 4.0 · Journal of Neuroanaesthesiology and Critical Care 2018; 05(01): 26-29
DOI: 10.1055/s-0037-1616039
Case Report
Thieme Medical and Scientific Publishers Private Limited

Intraoperative Seizures Detected as Increased Bispectral Index Values during Posterior Fossa Surgeries

Deepti Srinivas
Department of Neuroanaesthesia and Neurocritical Care, National Institute of Mental Health and Neuro Sciences, Bengaluru, India
,
Muthuchellappan Radhakrishnan
Department of Neuroanaesthesia and Neurocritical Care, National Institute of Mental Health and Neuro Sciences, Bengaluru, India
,
Dhritiman Chakrabarti
Department of Neuroanaesthesia and Neurocritical Care, National Institute of Mental Health and Neuro Sciences, Bengaluru, India
,
Manjunatha Lakshmegowda
Department of Neuroanaesthesia and Neurocritical Care, National Institute of Mental Health and Neuro Sciences, Bengaluru, India
,
Nitin Manohar
Department of Neuroanaesthesia and Neurocritical Care, National Institute of Mental Health and Neuro Sciences, Bengaluru, India
› Author Affiliations
Supported by: None
Further Information

Publication History

Publication Date:
09 February 2018 (online)

Abstract

We present a case series of four cerebellopontine angle surgeries with intraoperative detection seizure activity. The cases discussed follow the uniform anesthetic protocol of maintenance with infusion of propofol, fentanyl and dexmedetomidine excluding muscle relaxant, targeted to maintain bispectral index (BIS) in the range of 40 to 60. The cases experienced either of the two scenarios: (I) Unexplained increased or widely varying BIS values associated with increases in BIS electromyography (EMG) and motor manifestation of seizure activity in limbs. (2) Varying BIS values with EMG activation of facial nerve monitoring without motor manifestation in limbs. A common theme noticed in all these cases was the utilisation of tranexamic acid in cumulative doses of 25 to 30 mg/kg and amelioration of the seizure activity with a loading dose of phenytoin (15 mg/kg). A hypothesis is being presented linking intraoperative seizures with a combination of tranexamic acid utilisation.