J Pediatr Intensive Care 2018; 07(02): 110-114
DOI: 10.1055/s-0037-1612609
Case Report
Georg Thieme Verlag KG Stuttgart · New York

Liver Dysfunction in Severe Sepsis from Respiratory Syncytial Virus

Ilirjana Bakalli
1  Department of Pediatrics, Pediatric Intensive Care Unit, UHC “Mother Theresa,” Tirana, Albania
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15. Juni 2017

08. November 2017

21. Dezember 2017 (online)


A 1-month-old child was admitted at our pediatric intensive care unit (PICU) in a very critical state with generalized cyanosis, grunting, high fever, tachypnea, tachycardia, severe hypotension with capillary refill time > 5 seconds, and no palpable pulse. The child was apparently doing well until a few hours before admission. On admission to PICU, his clinical diagnosis was consistent with severe sepsis with his sequential organ failure assessment scores of 7 to 8 points. We started rapid restoration of circulation with aggressive volume replacement and empiric antimicrobial therapy. Despite optimal supportive therapy, the patient showed severe liver injury leading to liver failure, making the treatment more challenging. His simplex real-time reverse transcriptase polymerase chain reaction assay and enzyme linked immune sorbent assay documented respiratory syncytial virus (RSV) infection. Through our case report we would like to highlight the extrapulmonary manifestations of RSV infections and the importance of liver dysfunction during sepsis.