CC BY ND NC 4.0 · SynOpen 2018; 02(04): 0312-0315
DOI: 10.1055/s-0037-1610406
Copyright with the author

Synthesis of 5,6-Diaminoacenaphthylene by Reduction of Sterically Crowded Nitro Groups with Sodium Dithionite

Amber J. Dood
Patrick A. Fisher
Christine L. Bodden
Luke J. Peterson
Kathryn A. Lindberg
Trevor A. Coeling
Douglas C. Yarbrough
Department of Chemistry, Hope College, 35 East 12th St, Holland, MI 49423, USA   Email:
› Author Affiliations

This work was supported in part by: NSF CAREER (CHE-0952768), NSF REU (CHE-0243828 & CHE-0851194), NSF STEM-ENGINES URC (CHE-0629174), a Henry Dreyfus Teacher-Scholar Program award to J.G.G., an HHMI Scholar award to C.L.B. and J.G.G. by a grant to Hope College by the Howard Hughes Medical Institute through the Undergraduate Science Education Program, and the Hope College Chemistry Department’s Schaap Research Fellows program and Undergraduate Research Fund. The MU3C[21] [22] cluster was supported by NSF MRI (CHE-0520704 & CHE-1039925).
Further Information

Publication History

Received: 09 November 2018

Accepted after revision: 12 November 2018

Publication Date:
03 December 2018 (online)


5,6-Diaminoacenaphthylene was synthesized in four steps from acenaphthene. This seemingly simple molecule provides unique synthetic challenges because it is relatively difficult to reduce the nitro groups and the molecule contains a particularly reactive double bond. It was determined that the only feasible sequence for the synthesis was to nitrate acenaphthene, then brominate, eliminate, and finally selectively reduce. Several reduction methods were attempted before finding one that would completely reduce both nitro groups while leaving the double bond intact.

Supporting Information

  • References and Notes

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