Semin Musculoskelet Radiol 2018; 22(01): 012-024
DOI: 10.1055/s-0037-1609013
Review Article
Thieme Medical Publishers 333 Seventh Avenue, New York, NY 10001, USA.

Orthopaedic Fixation Devices Used in Children: A Radiologist's Guide

Hailey Allen
Department of Radiology, University of Utah, Salt Lake City, Utah
,
Kirkland W. Davis
Department of Radiology, University of Wisconsin School of Medicine and Public Health, CSC, Madison, Wisconsin
,
Kenneth Noonan
Department of Orthopedics and Rehabilitation, University of Wisconsin School of Medicine and Public Health, Madison, Wisconsin
,
Yoshimi Endo
Department of Radiology, Hospital for Special Surgery, New York, New York
,
Jie C. Nguyen
Children's Hospital of Philadelphia, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania
› Author Affiliations
Further Information

Publication History

Publication Date:
06 February 2018 (online)

Abstract

Fractures are common in children with some requiring surgical reduction and fixation to maintain anatomical alignment. Although various surgical techniques and principles are shared between children and adults, certain unique considerations in children can influence the surgical approach and device selection. In particular, for skeletally immature children, it is of utmost importance to protect certain critical open growth plates because permanent injury can produce severe growth disturbances. The often robust healing response and potential limited patient compliance can also influence the treatment algorithm and decision making. Commonly encountered orthopaedic fixation devices, including screws, intramedullary devices, and plates, are reviewed with an emphasis on their mechanism and application in children. Additional miscellaneous devices that are commonly used to treat malalignment and guide bone growth including epiphysiodesis plates, proximal femur osteotomy plates, and spinal magnetic growing rods are also reviewed. The goal of this article is to provide a basic understanding of the principles and mechanisms of different types of pediatric orthopaedic devices and thereby improve the radiologist's diagnostic confidence and allow better anticipation of complications.