PMIO 2017; 4(S 01): S1-S202
DOI: 10.1055/s-0037-1608458
Poster Session
Georg Thieme Verlag KG Stuttgart · New York

Small concentrations of Lippia spp. can help in the control of the bean weevil, Acanthoscelides obtectus Say

V Suárez-Villanueva
1  Research Group of Engineering and Sustainable Agriculture, Research Institute of Environment, Natural Resources and Biodiversity, Universidad de León, Leon, Spain
,
Á Rodríguez-González
1  Research Group of Engineering and Sustainable Agriculture, Research Institute of Environment, Natural Resources and Biodiversity, Universidad de León, Leon, Spain
,
F Da Silva
2  Federal University of Reconcavo de Bahia, Rui Barbosa 710, CEP 44380 – 000, Cruz das Almas, Spain
,
S Mayo
1  Research Group of Engineering and Sustainable Agriculture, Research Institute of Environment, Natural Resources and Biodiversity, Universidad de León, Leon, Spain
,
G Carro-Huerga
1  Research Group of Engineering and Sustainable Agriculture, Research Institute of Environment, Natural Resources and Biodiversity, Universidad de León, Leon, Spain
,
Ó González-López
1  Research Group of Engineering and Sustainable Agriculture, Research Institute of Environment, Natural Resources and Biodiversity, Universidad de León, Leon, Spain
,
S Álvarez-García
1  Research Group of Engineering and Sustainable Agriculture, Research Institute of Environment, Natural Resources and Biodiversity, Universidad de León, Leon, Spain
,
PA Casquero
1  Research Group of Engineering and Sustainable Agriculture, Research Institute of Environment, Natural Resources and Biodiversity, Universidad de León, Leon, Spain
› Author Affiliations
Further Information

Publication History

Publication Date:
24 October 2017 (online)

 

Acanthoscelides obtectus (Coleoptera: Chrisomelidae: Bruchidae) is an insect pest which attacks the common bean (Phaseolus vulgaris, L.). It has been suggested that plant products, e.g. essential oils, may be a suitable alternative for controlling insect pests1, including A. obtectus 2. The objective of this study was to determine the capacity of essential oils of Lippia spp. to control A. obtectus adults under laboratory conditions. One millilitre of solution (6µL of Lippia orinanoides and Lippia alba diluted in 994µL of ethanol) was sprayed (Potter tower) directly on Petri dishes (90 mm in diameter) covered with sterile filter paper. One hour after, twenty A. obtectus adults were placed in these Petri dishes. Four replicates were used for each Lippia spp. Daily monitoring of insect mortality was performed for 15 days.

Results (Figure 1) show L. orinagoides accumulated an insect mortality of 54%, significantly different from L. alba, which achieved a mortality of 43%. Both Lippia spp. treatments were significantly different from control treatment, with an accumulated mortality of 16%.

Zoom Image
Fig. 1: Accumulated daily A. obtectus adults mortality by Lippia spp. essentials oils (day 1 represents 24 hours after treatment). Upper and lower error bars are represented. (Fisher's LSD. p < 0.05).

The ability of both essential oils of Lippia spp. to paralyze the adults and kill them make these essential oils a new suitable tool for the control of adults of this insect pest in small storages.

[1] Pavela RInd. Crops Prod. 2011, 34: 888 – 892.

[2] Papachristos DP, Karamanoli KI, Stamopoulos DC, Menkissoglu-Spiroudi U. Pest Manag. Sci. 2004, 60: 514 – 520.