Seminars in Plastic Surgery 2017; 31(04): 222-226
DOI: 10.1055/s-0037-1606557
Review Article
Thieme Medical Publishers 333 Seventh Avenue, New York, NY 10001, USA.

Calvarial Reconstruction

Arvind Badhey1, Sameep Kadakia2, Moustafa Mourad2, Jared Inman3, Yadranko Ducic2
  • 1Department of Otolaryngology, New York Eye and Ear Infirmary of Mount Sinai, New York
  • 2Otolaryngology and Facial Plastic Surgery Associates, Fort Worth, Texas
  • 3Department of Otolaryngology, Loma Linda University, Loma Linda, California
Further Information

Publication History

Publication Date:
25 October 2017 (online)


Calvarial reconstruction is a challenge to reconstructive surgeons, especially considering protection of intracranial contents. In recent years, the advent of multiple reconstructive materials adds tools to the surgical armamentarium. Options include autologous split calvarial and rib grafts and alloplastic materials such as titanium mesh, methyl methacrylate, calcium hydroxyapatite, and polyetheretherketone. The most important aspect of cranial reconstruction still lies in finding the most aesthetic, safe, and reliable means of filling a defect.