CC BY-NC-ND 4.0 · Arquivos Brasileiros de Neurocirurgia: Brazilian Neurosurgery 2020; 39(01): 041-045
DOI: 10.1055/s-0037-1606260
Case Report | Relato de Caso
Thieme Revinter Publicações Ltda Rio de Janeiro, Brazil

Epidermoid Cyst of the IV Ventricle: Case Report

Article in several languages: English | português
1  Department of Neurosurgery, Hospital Universitário Professor Alberto Antunes (HUPAA), Universidade Federal de Alagoas (UFAL), Maceió, AL, Brazil
,
Ricardo Macedo Camelo
1  Department of Neurosurgery, Hospital Universitário Professor Alberto Antunes (HUPAA), Universidade Federal de Alagoas (UFAL), Maceió, AL, Brazil
,
Josias Inácio da Silva
1  Department of Neurosurgery, Hospital Universitário Professor Alberto Antunes (HUPAA), Universidade Federal de Alagoas (UFAL), Maceió, AL, Brazil
,
Moana Vergetti Malta
1  Department of Neurosurgery, Hospital Universitário Professor Alberto Antunes (HUPAA), Universidade Federal de Alagoas (UFAL), Maceió, AL, Brazil
,
Rafael Costa Camelo
1  Department of Neurosurgery, Hospital Universitário Professor Alberto Antunes (HUPAA), Universidade Federal de Alagoas (UFAL), Maceió, AL, Brazil
,
Arnon Castro Alves Filho
1  Department of Neurosurgery, Hospital Universitário Professor Alberto Antunes (HUPAA), Universidade Federal de Alagoas (UFAL), Maceió, AL, Brazil
,
Felipe Gomes de Barros Pontes
1  Department of Neurosurgery, Hospital Universitário Professor Alberto Antunes (HUPAA), Universidade Federal de Alagoas (UFAL), Maceió, AL, Brazil
,
Adans Soares Porfírio
2  Neurosurgery Residency, Hospital Universitário Professor Alberto Antunes (HUPAA), Universidade Federal de Alagoas (UFAL), Maceió, AL, Brazil
,
Daniel Fonseca Oliveira
2  Neurosurgery Residency, Hospital Universitário Professor Alberto Antunes (HUPAA), Universidade Federal de Alagoas (UFAL), Maceió, AL, Brazil
,
Bruno Clécio da Silva Ribeiro
3  Faculdade de Medicina, Universidade Federal do Oeste da Bahia, Barreiras, BA, Brazil
,
Alessandro Henrique Rodrigues Ferreira
4  Faculdade de Medicina, Hospital Universitário Professor Alberto Antunes (HUPAA), Universidade Federal de Alagoas (UFAL), Maceió, AL, Brazil
› Author Affiliations
Further Information

Publication History

20 April 2017

11 July 2017

Publication Date:
24 August 2017 (online)

  

Abstract

Epidermoid cysts constitute congenital, benign and rare lesions, corresponding to ∼ 0.2% to 1.8% of all intracranial tumors. Only 5% of the cases are located in the fourth ventricle. Despite their genesis in intrauterine life, they are usually diagnosed between the third and fifth decades of life due to their very slow growth pattern. The image weighted by the diffusion of the magnetic resonance is essential to establish the diagnosis. The ideal treatment consists of emptying the cystic content with complete capsule resection. In the present work, we report the case of a 31-year-old female with cerebellar syndrome that evolved with intracranial hypertension. The symptomatology was due to an obstructive hydrocephalus by an epidermoid cyst located inside the fourth ventricle, which was confirmed by the pathological anatomy.