Neuropediatrics 2017; 48(06): 413-419
DOI: 10.1055/s-0037-1604403
Review Article
Georg Thieme Verlag KG Stuttgart · New York

The Role of Amplitude Integrated Electroencephalogram in Very Low-Birth-Weight Preterm Infants: A Literature Review

Luiza Vieira da Silva Magalhães
1  Postgraduate Program in Child and Adolescent Health, Department of Pediatrics, Federal University of Rio Grande do Sul, Porto Alegre, Rio Grande do Sul, Brazil
,
Maria Isabel Bragatti Winckler
2  Section of Neuropediatrics, Hospital de Clinicas de Porto Alegre, Rio Grande do Sul, Brazil
,
José Augusto Bragatti
3  Section of Neurology, Hospital de Clinicas de Porto Alegre, Rio Grande do Sul, Brazil
,
Renato Procianoy
1  Postgraduate Program in Child and Adolescent Health, Department of Pediatrics, Federal University of Rio Grande do Sul, Porto Alegre, Rio Grande do Sul, Brazil
4  Section of Neonatology, Hospital de Clinicas de Porto Alegre, Rio Grande do Sul, Brazil
,
Rita de Cássia Santos Silveira
1  Postgraduate Program in Child and Adolescent Health, Department of Pediatrics, Federal University of Rio Grande do Sul, Porto Alegre, Rio Grande do Sul, Brazil
4  Section of Neonatology, Hospital de Clinicas de Porto Alegre, Rio Grande do Sul, Brazil
› Author Affiliations
Further Information

Publication History

15 March 2017

09 June 2017

Publication Date:
09 August 2017 (eFirst)

Abstract

Neurological sequelae are common in very low-birth-weight preterm infants. The prevention of brain injury and development of neuroprotective strategies have been the main objectives of modern neonatal neurology. Amplitude integrated electroencephalogram (aEEG) is a continuous brain monitoring method that can aid in early diagnosis and detect patients who are at risk. While its role in the assessment of full-term newborn infants is already well established, there are still doubts about its use in preterm infants. The objective of this review was to describe the main recommendations for the use of aEEG in very low-birth-weight preterm infants and its accuracy in assessing the prognosis and detecting epileptic seizures in this population.