J Neurol Surg A Cent Eur Neurosurg 2018; 79(02): 139-144
DOI: 10.1055/s-0037-1604280
Original Article
Georg Thieme Verlag KG Stuttgart · New York

Long-term Clinical Outcomes and Quality of Life in Elderly Patients Treated with Interspinous Devices for Lumbar Spinal Stenosis

Massimo Miscusi
1  NESMOS Department, Sapienza University of Rome, Rome, Italy
,
Sokol Trungu
2  NESMOS Department, Sapienza University of Rome, Sant'Andrea Hospital, Rome, Italy
,
Stefano Forcato
1  NESMOS Department, Sapienza University of Rome, Rome, Italy
,
Alessandro Ramieri
3  Department of Medico-Surgical Sciences and Biotechnologies, Sapienza University of Rome, Rome, Italy
,
Filippo Maria Polli
4  Department of Neurosurgery, Catholic University of Rome, Rome, Italy
,
Antonino Raco
2  NESMOS Department, Sapienza University of Rome, Sant'Andrea Hospital, Rome, Italy
› Author Affiliations
Further Information

Publication History

11 September 2016

24 May 2017

Publication Date:
27 July 2017 (online)

Abstract

Background and Objective Lumbar spinal stenosis (LSS) is a common degenerative condition that occurs in the spine with increasing age. Clinically, LSS causes a progressive reduction in walking autonomy, resulting in a poor quality of life and impaired functional capacity. The aim of this study was to evaluate the clinical outcome and quality of life of elderly patients presenting with LSS and associated comorbidities after a 5-year follow-up who were treated with an interspinous process device (IPD).

Material and Methods Sixty patients > 75 years of age presenting with symptomatic degenerative LSS were included. All were treated with an IPD under local anesthesia. American Society of Anesthesiology score, Zurich Claudication Questionnaire, and Short Form 36 were evaluated pre- and postoperatively and at the follow-up visit each year for 5 years.

Results The mean surgery time while under local anesthesia was 20 minutes. Forty-eight patients were followed for 5 years. Significant clinical improvements in all outcome scores (p < 0.05) both postoperatively or at follow-up were found.

Conclusions IPD seems to be an effective and safe treatment for LSS in elderly patients with general comorbidities. In our study, all followed up patients had a meaningful improvement of their quality of life even at 5 years after surgery.