J Pediatr Infect Dis 2017; 12(04): 228-237
DOI: 10.1055/s-0037-1604192
Review Article
Georg Thieme Verlag KG Stuttgart · New York

Parasitic Infections in Pediatric Population of India: Epidemiology, Diagnosis, and Strategies for Prevention

Vrushali Patwardhan1, Dinesh Kumar1, Sarman Singh1
  • 1Division of Clinical Microbiology and Molecular Medicine, Department of Laboratory Medicine, All India Institute of Medical Sciences, New Delhi, India
Further Information

Publication History

06 February 2017

12 April 2017

Publication Date:
20 July 2017 (eFirst)


Almost one-fourth of the world's population is possibly suffering from parasitic diseases. Children are more vulnerable to various parasitic infections as compared with normal adults due to their outdoor activities, immature immune system, nonadherence to good hygiene practices, and preference for street food. Parasitic infections are known to put a grave strain on their physical and cognitive growth and development. Thus, awareness and importance of pediatric parasitology need escalated recognition among pediatricians. Parasitic diseases both common and uncommon that are encountered in Indian children are contemplated in this review. We have covered epidemiology, life cycle, clinical features, and diagnosis of pediatric parasitic infections that transpire in India, including some preventive strategies.