Pedicle Flaps Contribute to Endoscopic Skull-Base Surgery and Facial Soft-Tissue Repair: The Diuturnity of Johannes Fredericus Samuel Esser (1877–1946)
07 May 2017
29 May 2017
07 August 2017 (eFirst)
Pedicle flaps based on the external maxillary (facial) artery were introduced during the World War I, precisely a century ago. Today they remain effective tools in facial soft-tissue repair. Recently, pedicle flaps based on the internal maxillary (sphenopalatine) artery have been chosen to reliably close dural defects after endoscopic skull-base surgery. Pedicle flaps, “biologic” to the extent they are based on a defined arterial blood supply, are the lasting contributions—the diuturnity—of Johannes (“Jan”) Fredericus Samuel Esser (1877–1946) of Leiden, Holland, and Chicago (IL).
Keywordspedicle flaps - external and internal maxillary arteries - facial soft-tissue repair - skull-base surgery - diuturnity - Johannes (“Jan”) F. S. Esser
Permissions have been obtained from Alamy, Annals of Surgery (Wolters Kluwer), and the Esser Foundation Craniomaxillofacial Trauma & Reconstruction (April 23, 2017).