CC-BY-NC-ND 4.0 · J Clin Interv Radiol ISVIR 2017; 01(03): 171-174
DOI: 10.1055/s-0037-1603824
Case Report
Indian Society of Vascular and Interventional Radiology

Percutaneous Embolization of Scalp Arteriovenous Malformation Using New Liquid Embolic Agent, SQUID: A Technical Report

Santhosh Kumar Kannath1, Jayadevan Enakshy Rajan1
  • 1Department of Imaging Sciences and Interventional Radiology, Neurointervention Center, Sree Chitra Tirunal Institute of Medical Sciences and Technology, Trivandrum, Kerala, India
Further Information

Publication History

16 January 2017

05 May 2017

Publication Date:
01 September 2017 (eFirst)


Scalp arteriovenous malformations (AVMs) are rare extracranial vascular malformations that are traditionally treated by surgical excision or by combined endovascular-surgical approaches. We describe percutaneous treatment of scalp AVM, using a new liquid embolic agent, SQUID. Because of its nonadhesive property, prolonged injection and complete obliteration of scalp AVM is feasible. The cast formed is aesthetically appealing to the patient, and it may obviate the need for further surgical excision. It could be considered as the primary treatment option for patients unwilling for surgery.

Contributions of Authors

Santhosh Kumar Kannath contributed in concept, design, data analysis, data interpretation, manuscript preparation, and critical revision, and Jayadevan Enakshy Rajan contributed in data analysis, data interpretation, manuscript preparation, and critical revision.