CC BY-NC-ND 4.0 · Arquivos Brasileiros de Neurocirurgia: Brazilian Neurosurgery 2020; 39(01): 005-011
DOI: 10.1055/s-0037-1602169
Review Article | Artigo de Revisão
Thieme Revinter Publicações Ltda Rio de Janeiro, Brazil

Meningioma of the Fourth Ventricle: Literature Review[*]

Article in several languages: English | português
Allan Dias Polverini
1  Department of Neurosurgery, Hospital de Amor, Barretos, SP, Brazil
,
1  Department of Neurosurgery, Hospital de Amor, Barretos, SP, Brazil
,
Guilherme Fonseca Bortoluzzi
1  Department of Neurosurgery, Hospital de Amor, Barretos, SP, Brazil
,
Ismael Augusto Silva Lombardi
1  Department of Neurosurgery, Hospital de Amor, Barretos, SP, Brazil
,
Giusepe Picone Junior
1  Department of Neurosurgery, Hospital de Amor, Barretos, SP, Brazil
,
Carlos Roberto de Almeida Junior
1  Department of Neurosurgery, Hospital de Amor, Barretos, SP, Brazil
,
Carlos Afonso Clara
1  Department of Neurosurgery, Hospital de Amor, Barretos, SP, Brazil
› Author Affiliations
Further Information

Publication History

30 December 2016

16 March 2017

Publication Date:
17 April 2017 (online)

  

Abstract

Meningiomas are among the most common central nervous system tumors, with an incidence that ranges from 15% to 40% of intracranial tumors. Of these, only 0.5% to 3% are intraventricular, and the rarest of them occurs in the fourth ventricle.

Fourth-ventricle meningiomas originate generally from the choroid plexus and have no dural adhesions. Most often, they manifest in young patients, around 41 years of age, with a possible predominance in females, through intracranial hypertension and cerebellar syndromes. The treatment consists of surgical resection, which commonly presents good results due to the characteristics of the tumor. So, for better preoperative planning, the radiological differentiation of the most frequent tumors in this location is important.

The most common histologic subtypes are fibroblastic and meningothelial, both grade I according to the World Health Organization (WHO), although there are reports of tumors of grades II and III.

We report a case of meningioma of the fourth ventricle operated in our institution, and we have conducted a literature review, through which we found that 57 cases have been reported so far, with the first one reported in 1938.

* Work developed at the Orthopedics and Traumatology Service, Centro Médico Hospitalar de Vila Velha (CMHVV), Vila Velha, ES, Brazil.