Semin Neurol 2017; 37(02): 109-117
DOI: 10.1055/s-0037-1601869
Review Article
Thieme Medical Publishers 333 Seventh Avenue, New York, NY 10001, USA.

The Phenomenology of Parkinson's Disease

Christopher W. Hess
1  Department of Neurology, University of Florida, Center for Movement Disorders and Neurorestoration, Gainesville, Florida
Mark Hallett
2  Human Motor Control Section, Medical Neurology Branch, NINDS, NIH, Bethesda, Maryland
› Author Affiliations
Further Information

Publication History

Publication Date:
16 May 2017 (online)


The motor symptoms of Parkinson's disease are not limited to the cardinal symptoms of bradykinesia, rigidity, and resting tremor, but also include a variety of interrelated motor phenomena such as deficits in spatiotemporal planning and movement sequencing, scaling and timing of movements, and intermuscular coordination that can be clinically observed. Although many of these phenomena overlap, a review of the full breadth of the motor phenomenon can aid in the diagnosis and monitoring of disease progression.