CC-BY-NC-ND 4.0 · Int Arch Otorhinolaryngol 2018; 22(01): 001-008
DOI: 10.1055/s-0037-1601427
Original Research
Thieme Revinter Publicações Ltda Rio de Janeiro, Brazil

Hearing Loss in the Elderly: Is the Hearing Handicap Inventory for the Elderly - Screening Version Effective in Diagnosis When Compared to the Audiometric Test?

Alexandre Barbosa Servidoni
Otorhinolaryngologist, Faculdade de Medicina de Marília (Famema), SP, Brazil
,
Lucieni de Oliveira Conterno
Infectologist & Clinical Epidemiologist, Faculdade de Medicina de Marília (Famema), SP, Brazil
› Author Affiliations
Further Information

Publication History

21 September 2016

02 January 2017

Publication Date:
31 March 2017 (eFirst)

Abstract

Introduction Hearing losses inherent to the natural process of aging represent today a major public health issue, despite the little attention that their adequate care still receives. Early recognition and proper management of these shortcomings can significantly improve hearing, as well as the patient's general quality of life, reducing the overall impact of this important and prevalent condition of the aging process.

Objective The aim of this research was to evaluate the accuracy of the Hearing Handicap Inventory for the Elderly - Screening Version (HHIE-S) in the diagnosis of hearing loss in the elderly when compared with the audiometric test.

Methods Through a cross-sectional study, our target population was composed of 138 individuals, aged over 60 and with any otorhinolaryngological complaints, recruited at the Clinic of Otorhinolaryngology and Speech Therapy of the Faculdade de Medicina de Marília (Famema), in the city of Marília, SP, Brazil. Patients already in the process of auditory rehabilitation were excluded, as well as those who did not demonstrate the minimum level of oral understanding necessary to allow the interview.

Results The prevalence of hearing loss according to the questionnaire was of 76.1%, while audiometry showed 79.7%. We found the diagnostic accuracy of the instrument to be of 86.2%, with a sensitivity of 89.1% and a specificity of 75.0%, regardless of gender.

Conclusion Thereby, we conclude that the standardized questionnaire under rating is suitable for the screening of hearing loss in the elderly, given its high accuracy and user-friendly quality.