CC BY-NC-ND 4.0 · IJNS 2018; 07(01): 058-076
DOI: 10.1055/s-0037-1599786
Rapid Communication
Thieme Medical and Scientific Publishers Private Ltd.

Complications of Cerebrospinal Fluid Diversion (Shunt) Catheters: A Pictorial Essay

M. D. Rahalkar
1  Department of Radiology, Sahyadri Hospital, Pune, Maharashtra, India
› Author Affiliations
Funding None.
Further Information

Publication History

Received: 01 September 2016

accepted after revision: 18 October 2016

Publication Date:
06 November 2017 (online)



Ventriculoperitoneal shunt catheters are very commonly used for hydrocephalus of varying etiologies in infancy to childhood to bypass the obstruction. Few people are aware of their complications, such as infection, obstruction, malfunctioning, displacements, fluid collections, disconnections, and entry into various intra-abdominal organs. These complications and related literature and images are presented in this essay. In some cases, a radiologist can be of use to a neurosurgeon to alert what complication a given catheter has produced. The objectives are (1) to describe the types and functioning of cerebrospinal fluid diversion shunt catheters, (2) to know what can go wrong with the position and function of these catheters, and (3) to understand the specific or syndromic states of complication.