CC-BY-NC-ND 4.0 · Int Arch Otorhinolaryngol 2017; 21(04): 371-376
DOI: 10.1055/s-0037-1599095
Original Research
Thieme Revinter Publicações Ltda Rio de Janeiro, Brazil

Quality of Life in Pediatric Patients with Allergic Rhinitis treated at the Medical Clinic of Integrated Education – Unisul

Mariana Dziekanski
1  Medical School, Campus Tubarão Ringgold Standard Institution, Universidade do Sul de Santa Catarina – Unisul, Tubarão, SC, Brazil
,
Taíse de Freitas Marcelino
2  Otorhinolaryngology, Medical School, Unisul, Tubarão, SC, Brazil
› Author Affiliations
Further Information

Publication History

05 December 2016

06 January 2017

Publication Date:
15 March 2017 (eFirst)

Abstract

Introduction Allergic rhinitis is a common disease among children and adolescents, reaching up to 40% of the population. During childhood, it is usually underdiagnosed because it has nonspecific symptoms. It has a negative impact on quality of life and may predispose to comorbidities. The diagnosis is clinical and treatment aims prevention.

Objective The objective of this study is to evaluate the quality of life in pediatric patients with allergic rhinitis.

Methods This is an observational study with cross-sectional design. The population consisted of pediatric patients with allergic rhinitis treated at the Medical Clinic of Integrated Education (MCIE) – Universidade do Sul de Santa Catarina - Unisul, Tubarão, SC, Brazil. We collected data from March to June 2016 through the application of the Sociodemographic and Health Questionnaire, rhinitis module of the International Study of Asthma and Allergies in Childhood Questionnaire and the Rhinoconjunctivitis Quality of Life Questionnaire Modified.

Results Out of the 69 respondents, 52.2% were boys with a mean age of 10.13 years old. The predominant education level of parents/guardians was incomplete second grade and average income level was two minimum wages. 81.2% said they had previous treatment for AR, 30.4% had asthma and 7.2% eczema. Incidence of patients smoking was absent and family (parents/guardians) smoking was 17.4%. March to July were the months of highest symptom occurrence, slightly disturbing daily activities. The mean value of severity was 51.9, nasal symptoms were the most uncomfortable, and nasal itchiness was the most cited.

Conclusion Our results highlight that allergic symptoms negatively impact the life of people with allergic rhinitis, with a predominance of nasal symptoms, especially nasal itchy, representing a poor quality of life of the interviewed.