J Pediatr Neuroradiol 2016; 05(04): 253-255
DOI: 10.1055/s-0036-1597659
Case Report
Georg Thieme Verlag KG Stuttgart • New York

Iniencephalic Fetus Detected on Fetal Magnetic Resonance Imaging

Tugay Onal1, Guven Onur Afacan1, Yonca Anik2, Gur Akansel2
  • 1Kocaeli University School of Medicine, Kocaeli, Turkey
  • 2Department of Radiology, Kocaeli University School of Medicine, Kocaeli, Turkey
Further Information

Publication History

12 April 2016

13 August 2016

Publication Date:
26 December 2016 (eFirst)


Fetal iniencephaly is an uncommon neural tube anomaly characterized by fixed retroflexion of the head, an occipital defect, and cervicothoracic rachischisis. Polyhydramnios and elevated levels of α-fetoprotein are present in most cases. Fetal iniencephaly can be detected on antenatal ultrasonography. If undiagnosed prenatally, it may result in a difficult delivery as well a multitude of postnatal problems for both the patient and the family. Early antenatal diagnosis is therefore important. We present a case of iniencephaly detected on ultrasonography and fetal magnetic resonance imaging.