Journal of Pediatric Neuroradiology 2016; 05(04): 253-255
DOI: 10.1055/s-0036-1597659
Case Report
Georg Thieme Verlag KG Stuttgart • New York

Iniencephalic Fetus Detected on Fetal Magnetic Resonance Imaging

Tugay Onal
1   Kocaeli University School of Medicine, Kocaeli, Turkey
Guven Onur Afacan
1   Kocaeli University School of Medicine, Kocaeli, Turkey
Yonca Anik
2   Department of Radiology, Kocaeli University School of Medicine, Kocaeli, Turkey
Gur Akansel
2   Department of Radiology, Kocaeli University School of Medicine, Kocaeli, Turkey
› Author Affiliations
Further Information

Publication History

12 April 2016

13 August 2016

Publication Date:
26 December 2016 (online)


Fetal iniencephaly is an uncommon neural tube anomaly characterized by fixed retroflexion of the head, an occipital defect, and cervicothoracic rachischisis. Polyhydramnios and elevated levels of α-fetoprotein are present in most cases. Fetal iniencephaly can be detected on antenatal ultrasonography. If undiagnosed prenatally, it may result in a difficult delivery as well a multitude of postnatal problems for both the patient and the family. Early antenatal diagnosis is therefore important. We present a case of iniencephaly detected on ultrasonography and fetal magnetic resonance imaging.

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